Background: Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) harboring specific genetic alterations can be highly sensitive to targeted therapies.
Materials and Methods: We performed a targeted rearrange- ment test on 54 NSCLCs across all stages that were from patients who were never smokers and did not have driver mutations. Because MET exon 14 skipping was the most frequent alteration found, we surveyed the results for MET exon 14 skipping at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) since the inclusion of this alteration into our current molecular profiling panel.
Results: In a cohort of 54 never-smokers with lung cancers that were wild-type for known driver mutations, MET exon 14 skipping was the most frequently recurring alteration, occurring in 10 cancers (19%). Clinical testing at MGH via our next-generation sequencing (NGS) and NGS-rearrangement panels showed an additional 16 cases of MET exon 14 skipping, for an overall estimated frequency of 5.6%. A clinical case of a patient with MET exon 14 skipping treated with the MET inhibitor crizotinib is also described.
Conclusion: MET exon 14 skipping is a targetable gene alteration found in NSCLC. Patients with these alterations may respond well to MET inhibition.