Primary Renal Hybrid Low-grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma-Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma: An Unusual Pediatric Case With EWSR1-CREB3L1 Fusion.

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) and sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) are rare tumors with distinct sets of morphological features, both characterized by MUC4 immunoreactivity. Tumors exhibiting features of both entities are considered hybrid LGFMS-SEF lesions. While the majority of LGFMS cases are characterized by FUS-CREB3L2 gene fusions, most cases of pure SEF show EWSR1 gene rearrangements. In the largest study of hybrid LGFMS-SEF tumors to date, all cases exhibited FUS rearrangements, a similar genetic profile to LGFMS. We herein describe the clinicopathological features and genetic findings of a case of primary renal hybrid LGFMS-SEF occurring in a 10-year-old child, with disseminated metastases. Fusion gene detection using a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based anchored multiplex PCR technique (Archer® FusionPlex® Sarcoma Panel) was performed on both the primary renal tumor that showed the morphology of a LGFMS, and a cervical metastasis that showed the morphology of SEF. An EWSR1-CREB3L1 gene fusion occurring between exon 11 of EWSR1 and exon 6 of CREB3L1 was present in both the LGFMS and SEF components. This unusual case provides evidence that a subset of hybrid LGFMS-SEF harbor EWSR1-CREB3L1 gene fusions. In this case, these features were associated with an aggressive clinical course, with disease-associated mortality occurring within 12 months of diagnosis.

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